Trees are not enough anymore. The discovery made at the Yale University concerning the unexpected proliferation of terrestrial flora will not suffice to save a planet which is increasingly devastated by the work of man. Our future is an enigma, considering it is not possible to foresee, at this point, how nature will react to the contamination going on at present. According to some scientists, we may already be past the point of no return. Others look forward with hope towards the meeting on climate that will be held in Paris next December. The greatest threat comes from the expanse of ice in the Arctic where the greenhouse effect is devastating. The scenario which we might have to face in a few years is an apocalyptic one, as it was described by industry experts during the Glacier conference in Alaska, strongly desired by Barack Obama.
Seas that rise and submerge cities, mass exoduses and fleeing refugees, diseases, economies in crisis, changing ecosystems, fires, migration of birds and fish, liberation of carbon dioxide due to microbial activity and release of methane from permafrost raise the Earth’s fever. The first signs are disturbing: polar bears are starting to move towards north, feeding themselves on dolphins or seabirds’ eggs, whereas the lack of slabs of ice pushes thousands of walruses to reach the coasts so as to be able to rest. In the meantime, oceans are becoming more acidic and corrosive, altering thus, marine plant and animal species. A slap in the face of the Created. Climate change in the Arctic “needs to be stopped, otherwise it may have catastrophic consequences for the entire planet, considering the role those regions play in moderating global temperature”, explained Enrico Brugnoli, director of the Science Department of the system of the Earth and technologies on the environment of the CNR, who represented Italy together with the general director of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Joseph Whelk, at the conference in Alaska.
The effects of the global warming in the North Pole “are already damaging infrastructures. Several villages on the coast of Alaska are literally slipping into the sea and its roads and buildings suffer damage – stated Brugnoli – Those changes have negative effects on the health of local populations and on their economies. We must work on mitigation, adaptation, and resilience to changes”. And we must do so with urgency. Besides, warned Maria Grazia Midulla – WWF’s responsible for climate and energy – transformations in the Arctic regions “that started in the ’60’s, with the dramatic increase of CO2 emissions at a global level, have an influence on the climate of our planet as a whole, due to a vortex of mechanisms of positive responses, which accelerate the melting of the glaciers and of the permafrost, releasing, thus, new reserves of carbon both in the shape of methane and CO2 “. It is our hope that “significant actions for the good of the climate will become a top priority for all the governments of the world”. Loss of glaciers “causes a disruption in global circulation of the atmosphere – concluded Brugnoli – triggering a different distribution of rainfall, heat, and cold, as well as changes in the water cycle and risk of more frequent droughts at our latitudes”. We risk to transform the Blue Planet into an arid and lifeless moorland, a faded memory of the wonder of Creation.