During this glimpse of summer, from the International Monetary Fund has arrived the disillusionment on the front of employment. According to the IMF, Italy is going to need at least 20 years in order to return to before-crisis levels”. All this in a European scenario, that is not going to smile for sure, if it is true that, always according to the IMF, unemployment in the Eurozone is and will remain high for a long time.
In this situation, sprinkled with debate and controversy between those who see recovery and those who do not, Cisl is bringing forward their own ideas on tax, pensions and employment. The latter is culminating in the recent proposal of a new contractual model, monitoring at the same time, the legislative process of the Jobs Act decrees, and urging to reform organically the system of active policies and employment services, that remain the crucial issues of the work axis on which to build recovery and development in our Country.
Statistic data on work during the last months, in fact, are oscillating. On the one hand, they reveal positive signals, also due to the measures contained in the Jobs Act; on the other hand, they show that the real shock, the one of which Italy is really in need of in order to change direction and to create good and steady employment, still cannot be seen, especially in the South. As Svimez has told us in the last “Report on the economy of the South 2015”, there is a strong “risk of industrial desertification and permanent underdevelopment”. The same South that traditionally fuels the law birth rates of our country – always according to Svimez – in 2014 has registered only 174 thousand births, a historical record that not only threatens to determine over the next several years a demographic overturn in the South, but also to boost even more the national emergency called birth-rate fall, a fact we have repeatedly pointed out.
The highest price of the crisis, in the South is certainly paid by young people and women: Only one out of five has a job, with a women employment rate stuck at around 35.6%. With regard to young women under 34: compared to an Italian average rate of 34% (where the Centre and the North arrive at 42.3%) and a European rate of 51% (under 28), the South is stuck at 20.8%. Bad news also in the field of young people employment: from 2008 through 2014, in the South were lost around 622 thousand jobs among those under 34, with an unemployment rate that reaches 56% among those who are under 24.
As Cisl women, we are interested in maintaining attention on the issue of women employment which is closely related also to that of strengthening the policies of conciliation between private space and work, and that of increasing the amount, but also the quality of the workplaces. We continue to register poor progress on the front of feminine work, that has been stuck for too long at around 47% , powered by work that is often precarious in the case of the young generations, and in that of the “over 55 “, trapped by the latest pension reform and the block of the turnover in public administration.
This is why the National Women Co-ordination, through all its articulations and at all levels, is committed to building stable alliances on the territory, as well as on workplaces. Those alliances need to be constructive, contributing and in harmony with the aim of the Cisl proposal for a new contractual model that, in the diffusion and experimentation of the subsidiary welfare system on the level of enterprise and territory isolates the appropriate tool to give a response both to the social needs of the people and to those of the companies’ productivity.
It is precisely in the context of collective contracts that there is an ever-increasing presence of women syndicalist, qualified workers, carriers of knowledge and of special sensitivity towards gender issues, family-friendly policies, as well as towards equal opportunities and non-discrimination, can represent at the contractual tables, the winning component for the entire organization, and finally put our ideas in motion.
Translated by Ecaterina Severin