A dossier titled “Managing migration: the common challenge “. Jean Claude Juncker uses this system to raise awareness among 28 world leaders at the Eu Summit on migants. And he succeeds: he has asked and got triple the funding for operations of Triton from current 3 million a month, it has been increased to 9 million. Or at least, as much as Italy has been spending up to now for Mare Nostrum. But many more resources are to be made available: Belgium, Germany, France, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and Denmark have promised 8 ships, a helicopter and 1 patrol-ship. While others, such as Spain, say they will be “generous” when the Commission will have defined the need. A clear willingness to intervene even with regards to a perfect plan to destroy the boats used by the traffickers.
The extraordinary European Summit has also mandated Federica Mogherini, the highest representative to”begin preparing a possible ESDP operation”i.e. the European Mission for the security and defence policy.
In short, Italy has managed to obtain something in terms of operational and financial resources. But the drawback still regards the redistribution of the asylum seekers for several of the European countries, and not just among those where migrants first land, as sanctioned by International law.
To have made the problem more evident, British Prime Minister David Cameron, who, arriving at the summit, has confirmed Britain’s willingness to supply arms and means, but on condition that people saved, do not “seek asylum in Britain”. Some countries have expressed that they are willing to host immigrants but, at the moment, the reception is carried out by voluntary organisations.
The issue on the repartitioning in the numbers of asylum-seekers among the European countries is still a taboo: the idea of ‘compulsory percentages’ is note ve under discussion. In the conclusions of the rough drafts, what crps up is a mechanisim of emergency, which is all to be defined. And there might be a way out too for the redistribution, assigning to the country of the ship that rescues at sea, the faculty to negotiate teh asylum requests.
Renzi has returned to Rome pleased with the outcome and with a series of concrete measuresin his pocket, a series of measures which on the one hand may not immediately put a stop to the migratory flows but at least the assurance of a new attitude of Europe on immigration. And with the full awareness as he himself has said that “finally, something in Europe has changed”.
The solidarity on the immigration emergency faced by Italy won the total solidarity of the of 28 world leaders. However, a little less was the willingness to take charge of the problem. Almost non-existent, on the other hand, the discussion on a common policy of intervention in countries where the problem arises. On a day, which all in all was quite positive, this still remains the most crucial drawback.
Translation provided by Marina Stronati