After 10 years, the deforestation of Amazonia, the largest green lung of the planet, resumes at full capacity. The destruction of trees had been slow down by the complaints of numerous environmental associations, starting from those of the movement “Save the Rainforest“. All frustrated, explains the New York Times, by the demand of the large multinational companies.
In one year from August 2015 to July 2016, for the first time for more than a decade in the Amazon basin of Brazil deforestation has reached 2 million acres, almost 8,100 square kilometres, a territory equal to the Umbria Region, against the 1.5 million acres of a year before and 1,2 million acres of the previous year.
The deforestation occurs through the fire of the rainforests by the landowners who prepare the way for the intensive cultivation of the territory and then resell the harvests to large food multinational companies. Greenpeace has for some time denounced the role in the deforestation of the three large multinationals of soya, Archer Daniels Midland, Bunge and Cargill, that use the harvests of the destruction of the Amazon forest to produce animal feed, intended mainly for Europe. According to the New York Times at least 865.000 acres of forest were destroyed on average every year from 2011, an area equivalent to more than twice the territorial extension of the Municipality of Rome. The increase of deforestation, according to the data supplied by the Bolivian Documentation and Information Centre, that observes the area with satellites, rose from an average of 366.000 acres per year during the nineties of the last century to 667.000 acres for the first decade of the twenty-first century, focusing mainly on the border between Brazil and Bolivia.
The deforestation of the Amazon does not concern only the areas related to the large agricultural crops but also those linked to mining, to which are interested the mining companies in search of gold, diamonds and niobium, a rare metal used in the production of stainless steel. Yesterday the Brazilian section of the WWF has denounced the intention of the members of the federal state of Brazil of the Amazonas, on the border with Colombia and Venezuela, linked to the Pmdb, the party of President Michel Temer, of presenting a draft law to reduce the extent of four protected reserves and completely delete the biological reserve of Campos de Manicore, dismantling in this way the measure approved in 2016 by former President Dilma Rousseff. The text was discussed by the members of the Amazonas with Eliseu Padiho, contested Minister of the Royal House of the government Temer, accused in the context of the process on the Petrobras scandal. If approved, the new legislation would come into force from next March and the Amazon would lose more than a million hectares (10,000 square kilometres) of protected parks.