By 2030 cases of HIV among adolescents may grow by 60%. The warning comes from Unicef for the World AIDS Day. “Every two minutes – said the study published by the UN agency for children – a teenager, with a good chance a girl, contracted HIV.”
If the next 14 years will not be made further progress to reach young people, the infection will rise from the current 250,000 to 400,000 annually. According to the study “For Every Child: End AIDS” this disease remains one of the main causes of death among teenagers in the world. The world, explains the general manager of UNICEF Anthony Lake, “it has made enormous progress to end AIDS, but the battle is far from over, especially regarding children and adolescents.”
In the report it is emphasized that considerable progress has been made in the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV. Worldwide, between 2000 and 2015, they were prevented 1.6 million new infections among children. In 2015 1.1 million people, including children, adolescents and women have been affected.
Danger for children
Children between 0 and 4 years old who are living with HIV, compared to all other age groups, warns UNICEF, they face the higher risk of death caused by AIDS, and these cases are often diagnosed and treated too late. Only half of the children born to HIV positive mothers The test is performed in the first two months of life, and in sub-Saharan Africa the average age of the children, who begin to receive care and that their mothers have transmitted the HIV virus has about 4 years. In 2015 in the world were about 2 million adolescents between 10 and 19 who were living with HIV. In sub-Saharan Africa, the worst affected region, 3 of 4 new cases registered among adolescents aged 15 to 19 years are girls.
The self-test is coming
Meanwhile in the Italian pharmacies it arrived the first tests for self-diagnosis. The device, which is sold in Europe at the moment only in France, it will cost twenty euro and can be purchased without a prescription by eighteen. To distribute it at the moment, 2800 pharmacists trained specifically for the advice to users, while the combination of patients Bridge will monitor the data that might help to have a clearer picture of the requests, in order to promote greater awareness. The self-test – has been clarified in a press conference in the Chamber – not replace ones, free and anonymous, currently offered by the health service. But it will be useful for the surfacing of undeclared of late diagnosis of HIV infection and the consequent decrease in the collective risk. In Italy, in fact, an estimated 6,500 to 18,000 people living with HIV undiagnosed.