Bogotà has approved the peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the result of four years of negotiations in Havana. The Senate considered the new version of the agreement, after the No in the referendum last month,to close an armed conflict that has claimed more than 260,000 deaths in the course of five decades.
The turning point
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos spoke of stronger proposals and implementing the changes requested by the detractors of the first agreement. Among them the former president Alvaro Uribe, according to which, however, this second text would be too much lenient towards the guerrilla leader. Now the new version of the agreement will pass the lower house of Congress to be approved.
The new text
The new text, of 310 pages compared to previous 297, puts an end to 54 years of civil war between the government and the group thread Marxist revolutionary Armed Strengths of Colombia. Like the previous agreement, reached after four years of negotiations in Cuba. The agreement is engaged in development of agriculture, the demobilization of the guerrillas and their participation in political life, to combat drug trafficking and special courts for crimes committed during the civil war.
After the referendum on October 2 rejected the first agreement, Santos has called all political parties. The dialogue ended with 500 proposed amendments divided into 57 themes, which were presented to the FARC. They were accepted changes on 56 points, except the claim to exclude from political life the former guerrillas guilty of political offenses. Both the FARC and the government has in fact argued that the objective of the peace process was specifically to promote the integration of the guerrillas in the political and civil life.