The Prime Minister said, in any opportunity for discussion, he did not touch the powers that already he is entitled under the existing Constitution. It’s true. but with the reform all the “counterweight” to the Executive that the existing Charter predicted would be modified. That is, the power would be diminished and the “representative” value of the Parliament, while the list headers candidates for the Chamber of Deputies would be directly appointed by the parties; It would be diminished the prestige of the President of the Republic, which, after the seventh vote, being a majority of 466 deputies would be elected only by 220 deputies. It adversely affect the formation of the Constitutional Court, two judges of which would be elected by the Senate, namely from regional councilors or mayors, (probable judges themselves) and so on.
Regarding the Senate, it is enough to read the text, the “people’s representatives” would be completely abolished because the Senators would all “nominated.” The pool of people among whom would be chosen, is made by regional councilors and mayors whose “professional profile”, it is the opposite of what you imagine the citizens for the figure of “Senator.” The choice of these, however, would lend itself to negotiations of all kinds and ingenererebbe doubts about the advisability of the criteria used. And the criticism may continue indefinitely.
Finally, the reform of article. 138 is the Trojan horse by which become easier to change other parts of the Constitution, including one concerning the fundamental rights of the citizen (the right to health, work, education, environment, etc.). In fact, once it is established that there are no longer two branches of Parliament of equal rank, but the Chamber of Deputies and Senate,whose training does not guarantee the presence in that organ of subjects effectively with the professional characteristics of their Senator, and once decided that, with the current electoral law, can obtain a majority in the Chamber of deputies, following the ballot, even 20 or 25 percent of the voters (which is equivalent to 12 per cent of eligible voters), it would follow that, with the benefit of a small group of voters, the Government may propose and obtain from the Parliament changing the entire Charter constitutional.