The first to speak about was Christopher Columbus. In his diary the Genoese navigator would have recorded sudden visual defect compass and bizarre meteorological phenomena while the three caravels crossed a particular portion of the Atlantic. The one contained in the hypothetical triangle formed by: the Bermuda archipelago coast, the most souther point of Florida peninsula and the western summit of Puerto Rico.
A figure often reduced to esoteric rituals or related to the world of magic and which lent itself to the creation of a true legend. That of the “Bermuda triangle”: a “shadow” in the ocean able to swallow ships and airplanes that are inside its area. The first disappearances were documented in 1950 by Edward Van Winkle Jones in an article written for the Associated Press. Two years later, Fate magazine published “Sea Mystery At Our Back Door”, a short piece of George X. Sand which reported the disappearance of many aircraft and ships, including Flight 19 and a group of five battleships of the US Navy.
In the following years an extensive bibliography has been developed on this subject and possible explanations were researched in the paranormal, in scientific theories( to be verified) or science fiction: by aliens (which according to the proponents of this thesis they created a real no-fly zone over the Triangle ), the magnetism, the existence of a dimensional portal, until an evergreen myth of Atlantis.
Lawrence David Kusche in his book “The Bermuda Triangle Mystery: Solved”, was the first to dismantle the “case”. The research led him to the following conclusions: the number of dispersed ships was comparable to any other part of the ocean;in a tropical storms area, many of the missing were easily explained; The loss of life had been exaggerated by distorted studies. According to Kusche, the legend of the Bermuda Triangle was considered “a mystery crafted”, kept alive by a bibliography not based on real scientific evidence. And yet these studies have not in any way reduced the myth that has continued to be the subject of debate among fans.
In these days the “Bermuda triangle mystery” is back to fill the pages of newspapers. Scientists are, in fact, convinced that they had finally solved it . The Daily Star wrote that the cause of the supposed disappearance of ships and aircraft in transit near the Triangle, would be sought in the clouds also present hexagonal shape in a section of the North Sea near England. Steve Miller , Colorado State University meteorologist, said to science channel:”It is not easy to see clouds arranged in order. Using a satellite radar to measure what happens at the bottom of these particular clouds, the researchers would have discovered that the wind velocity on the sea would arrive to touch over the 273km / h. A powerful enough force to generate high waves over 13 meters, real “air bombs” launched against the ocean”.
Scientists, continues the Daily Star, they also noticed the presence of massive clouds in the west of the islands, between 20 and 50 miles away. Meteorologist Randy Cerveny said:”This type of hexagonal clouds over the ocean are essentially air bombs. These steam clusters generate micro-explosions, they hit the ocean creating waves that can sometimes be of enormous dimensions. Their speed is strong enough to overturn ships and aircraft and push them down”.
This theory has been , however, refuted by other scientists. For example Arctic University of Norway scientist saied clearly that: “the craters of the Barents Sea are not connected to the Bermuda Triangle.”The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), incorporating part of Kusche thesis , noted that “There is no evidence that mysterious disappearances occurred mainly in the Bermuda Triangle than in any other large ocean area.” So the mystery remains, for those who want to continue to believe that there is a “damned Triangle”.