Every year, on April 25, there are celebrations everywhere in Italy. From Rome to Milan, the country celebrates the anniversary of its “liberation” from the Nazi occupation, which took place in 1945. Turin and Milan were the first two Italian cities that were freed and it happened on this very day. That is the reason why today’s date was chosen as the symbolic day of “liberation” of the entire peninsula. The withdrawal of the German and fascist troops from some cities, including several industrial centers, before the arrival of the allies, allowed the latter to advance faster.
Several tragic combats took place in the street; the survivors of the German army and from among the fascists of the Italian Social Republic hid around the corners of the buildings, on roofs or bell towers, and shot at the partisans, allies, and civilians who opposed their ideology. On April 27, 1945, Benito Mussolini was captured in Dongo, near the Swiss border. Wearing the uniform of a German soldier, he was trying to flee abroad together with his mistress Claretta Petacci. Recognized by partisans, he was seized and executed the day after. Alongside those of Petacci and other Fascist army generals, his body was exposed upside down in Piazzale Loreto (Milan).
On this day, Italy commemorates all the men and women who died then to guarantee us, who walk on the same soil, the rights of democracy. Like every year, in Turin was confirmed the pop and rock concert of April 25 in Piazza Castello. It will start in the afternoon and will see the participation of twelve groups and national songwriters, alternating celebrities and emerging musical phenomena. Among the present artists: Paola Turci, Teresa De Sio and Peppe Voltarelli, Angelo Branduardi and many others. Besides, the Museum of the Resistance, Deportation, War, Rights and Freedom offers events, screenings, and meetings.
In Rome, the capital, as of tradition, the day opens with celebrations at the Altar of the Fatherland, in the presence of senior representatives of the State, which will continue throughout the whole morning. Then, the events will move to the Fosse Ardeatine, where a mass killing of civilians and military men was carried out, and will conclude at the historical Museum of Liberation. In Rome, the festivities will continue in the evening at the Global Village of Testaccio, with the event called “The Liberation” that will see the performance of 99 Posse and Banda Bassotti. Like in all other major cities, also in Rome museums will be open and it will be possible to visit the Capitoline Museums, the Trajan’s Market, the Palazzo delle Esposizioni or Ara Pacis.
Official celebrations will open also in Milan: a large procession will walk from Corso Venezia to Piazza Duomo and in the evening, Trenno Park will host the event “Partisans in every neighborhood” with the concert of Modena City Ramblers. What about other cities? In Florence, besides the extraordinary opening of the most important museums, Cascine Park will host the 189th edition of “Arno Race”.