US Senate unanimously voted new sanctions against North Korea after the recent missile tests which caused a drastic deterioration of the relations with Seoul that were already fragile. Washington considers the military escalation a “provocation” and a serious violation of international law.
Specifically, the measures against the regime in Pyongyang were approved in the Senate with 96 votes in favor and zero against. The new sanctions aim mainly at limiting the ability of North Korea to access funds to develop its nuclear program and missile system. The same type of sanctions – according to American media – will soon be adopted by the Japanese government.
Washington’s decision to hit Pyongyang with unilateral action stems from the deadlock situation in the UN Security Council, where the possibility of new sanctions has been slowed down by China so far, worried that the measures may affect also its economic interests in North Korea. Besides, the Intelligence warned that Pyongyang reactivated a nuclear reactor and may become able to get enough plutonium to build an atomic bomb within a couple of months, perhaps even weeks. This warning accelerated the decision of the Congress.
Italy’s government has to “apply itself in all the international fora” to block the military escalation in North Korea: the resolutions adopted by the Chamber of Deputies with regard to the initiatives that need to be taken to safeguard human rights in North Korea and the arms policy of that country have the same aim. According to the text approved by the Chamber of Deputies, the government is committed to “hard work in all the international fora, especially at the UN and in the European Union, in order to block the dangerous military escalation in a region which is already weakened by territorial disputes and by the simultaneous presence of three nuclear powers such as China, Russia, and the United States.”
Italy will also have to “highlight and condemn the human rights violations perpetrated by North Korea and to make everything in its power, in the pertinent multilateral fora in which Italy partakes. It will also have to collaborate with the leading Asian regional partners to enable them to cease the grave violations of human rights as soon as possible, to put an end to executions, and close prison and ‘reformatory’ camps’’.