The Italian Democratic Party was shook up again by the Cirinnà bill. In the spotlight there is once again the Catholic component of Matteo Renzi’s party, which after presenting an amendment on strengthened fostering, re-launches an amendment on the question of surrogacy. Basically, if the rule is approved, surrogacy will be punishable even if performed abroad. It is too early to tell whether Catholic Democrats want to go till the end with this amendment or this proposal aims merely at “raising” the bar before the final agreement. One thing is certain: the majority keeps to oppose resistance on civil unions.
The proposal, which has been presented by Monti’s former supporter Gianpiero Dalla Zuanna and has already received Maurizio Sacconi’s consent, extends punishment for the practice of gestation for someone else even if Italian citizens perform it abroad, establishing from 2 months to 3 years of imprisonment (and a fine which may range between 600 thousand and one million euros) and regulating that, if proved, the practice of surrogacy by one of the partners (be the couple gay or straight) and in the absence of biological connections between the new-born and one of the parents resulting in the birth certificate received abroad, the judge “declares the infant’s state of adoptability”.
The agreement, which is difficult at the moment, could emerge with a written appeal to the prohibition of surrogate pregnancies under the Law 40. Yet, less than 48 hours before the expiry of the time for amendments, the agreement seems to be a distant possibility. Both for the Democratic Party and for the majority, the key issue is still the part regarding stepchild adoption: the sappers in the Senate are working to reach changes that do not stumble upon the risk of discrimination against children but it is highly probable that the decision on this point will be taken through secret vote at the Chamber. Considering that Catholic Democrats do not intend to leave the trench, the Movement 5 Stars wing is all but safe, and the centrists firm in their opposition to adoptions, Stepchild Adoption has little chances to be approved.