Libya has reached a turning point. On December 16, Tobruk and Tripoli will sign a pact to create a national unity government. A firm step forward on the path leading to peace, which will allow the African country to concentrate its military forces and reconquer the territories they have been deprived of by ISIS during the last months. According to the local media, the agreement will be signed in Morocco and will be based on the draft designed by the former UN envoy, Bernardino Leon, later replaced by Martin Kobler. The risk for the two factions to reach this agreement bilaterally, refusing the mediation of the United Nations, has been thus avoided.
“The dialog under UN’s auspices is the best one – Saleh the Makhzoum, a member of the Tripoli’s Islamist parliament, commented -. We must secure the future of Libya”. The politician himself, who was in Tunis, confirmed that on December 16 the country is going to start its journey towards national unity and peace. Kobler’s ultimatum after last week’s meeting of the two governments in Tunis, when the achievement of an agreement not complying with Glass Palace’s directives was feared.
Since August 2, 2014 Libya has been roughly divided into two quadrants where two parliamentary teams were active: that of Tobruk, recognized by the international community, and the Libyan national Congress whose headquarters were in Tripoli. This situation was created after the refuse of the Islamic groups to recognize the outcome of the parliamentary elections in 2014, when more moderate factions had won, despite the very low turnout. Thus, Islamist militias gained control of Tripoli, pushing the government to abandon the city and take refuge in Tobruk, in the eastern part of the country, on the border with Egypt.
The historic agreement arrives in a difficult moment for the North-African country. Several regions have ended up under the control of Daesh. In jihad’s intentions, Libya is supposed to become the new Syria, i.e. the free zone where to expand their domains. It is not a coincidence that during the last few days news has been spread, confirmed by several national media, about the arrival of the Caliph al-al Baghdadi and that of the head of the fundamentalist group to Sirte. The conquest of Sabrata, a city under UNESCO’s patronage “located close to the Mediterranean Sea, concerns the national community. The latter is in a hurry to build a Libya that will be strong and able to cope with the enemy.