• Italiano

It is not a “war”, but “aggression in a conflicting, non-conventional context”. This is how the colonel Vittorfranco Pisano, consultant on terrorism in the Atlantic Committee – who was among the speakers at the conference sponsored by the Institute of High Studies in Geopolitics and Auxiliary Sciences (ISAG) which took place in the Chamber of Deputies on Thursday, November 19 and whose topic was: “Containing the conflicts in the Mediterranean area” – has defined the multiple massacre that took place last Friday, November 13, in Paris, in which 130 people have lost their lives and many other people were injured.

For Pisano, jihadist terrorism represents a “global” attack and it requires a coordinated intervention of the United Nations. Individual States, however, have the “duty to monitor and protect the population, territory, resources, and the borders”. In his speech for the joined Chambers in Versailles, on Monday, November 16, French President François Hollande stated: “We are at war against jihadist terrorism which is threatening the whole world, not only France”. This declaration of war served to circumvent European regulations on massive military action in Syria.

The promotion of a “Premonitory Intelligence” can be a tool to develop a strategic capacity of investigation for the purpose of prevention.

At the speakers’ table at the conference there were authoritative people in the areas of security and defense as well as geopolitical experts, among whom: MP Stefano Dambruoso, quaestor of the Chamber of Deputies; Ambassador Claudio Pacifico, former first Italian representative in the Arab League; the Admiral Mario Rino Me, former chief secretary of the NATO military committee; professor Ranieri Razzante, president of the Italian  Anti-money laundering Association; numerous scholars.

“It is a post-modern war: security and social dynamics are interwoven”, admiral Me said. According to military expert, ISIS has reached its culminating point. And this “global war” of the new jihadist terrorism, serves other interests. For example, the sudden “silence” on the Arab-Israeli conflict, just when the recognition of the State of Palestine seemed to move in its final stages.

Among the main causes of destabilization in the Mediterranean area, according to experts, there is the war in Iraq (in 2003) and the so-called Arab springs (in 2010). “We have caused or encouraged changes that are at the origin of destabilization in the whole Mediterranean region,” Pacifico said. “Lives of millions of innocent people were sacrificed due to mistakes. And we have given proof of double standards: about 300 civilians die in Syria every day, in general silence”. Besides: “This attempt to ‘leap forward” towards democracy has failed and led to the advance of Islamic radicalism and terrorism. The tsunami, to which the West has contributed,  now turns not only against us”.

According to ISAG’s report, Libya and Syria are the countries that are “out of control”, the “black holes” of destabilization of the entire Arab region. Qatar, which we have considered an “ally” – Pacifico explains -, “has great responsibilities in aiding enemy forces”.  Russia is “an important protagonist whose role is positive”.

On the fact that Russia and United States of America need to be equal partners at the head of an alliance of the United Nations to eradicate ISIS, agree all the speakers of the ISAG conference. Other solutions were proposed to prevent and suppress terrorism in Europe: exchange information and connect the databases on the borders through a European counter-terrorism Service, a reform of the European law on privacy to introduce limitations to make investigative activity more effective; formulate a shared model of security between the intelligence services, judiciary and the police, and common strategies in the context of the European Union.

As to the Italian situation, Mr Dambruoso let know that new laws were introduced in the February 2015 anti-terrorism decree, converted into a law in April, which allow the activities of the judiciary against terrorism to be more “incisive”: one national anti-terrorism public prosecutor as a unique figure of coordination, as it happens in cases of mafia crimes, and the crime of “propaganda of terrorist ideology”.

In Italy, there seem to be around 100 monitored subjects who are regarded “at risk of terrorism”. In France, there are about 1200 of them in the Paris area alone. According to the ISAG president, Tiberio Graziani, “Italy can be a determining factor” for the purpose of elaborating a strategy of shared security.  The suggestion of the analyst is: start all over again from the NATO agreement signed at Pratica di Mare in May 2002.

As to the relationship between terrorism and Islamic fanaticism, right after the attacks in Paris, according to the geo-political theorist, an expert in Islam, Biancamaria Scarcia Moretti, “terrorists cannot be defined fundamentalist Muslims nor fanatics, who are devoted to alcohol and drug consumption”. “Suicide bombers are the negation of Islam,” Scarcia Moretti said. A slap in the face of those who feed anti-Islamic prejudices. In the Qur’an, “the ‘holy war’ must guarantee the defense of Islam as the ‘best community possible’. This is the light in which the “big jihad” (military), and the “little jihad” (interior and spiritual) have to be interpreted. The leader must be an exemplary model”. The scholar raised some questions in search of an answer: “How come did the Muslim community not expel the two terrorists whose life style were against the Qur’an? And how came into being the flaws in the security system which granted so much freedom of movement and organization to the bombers?” Then she concluded: “Answering with war is trivial and dangerous. We live in a global world. We must understand who steers this West that seems confused and unscrupulous?”

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