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War or no war. During these hours the debate on the hypothesis of a direct intervention of Italy’s armed forces in the conflict against the Islamic State  is heating up. Italy has been part of the international coalition which provides logistic support and trains troops for a year now. At the Erbil base in Iraqi Kurdistan, Army’s instructors are training Kurds and Iraqis. In Baghdad, since June, the policemen have been present and preparing the Iraqi police forces. Moreover. Tornado aircrafts and drones of the Italian Airforce fly every day in the skies of Mesopotamia to locate targets. But now Rome has received a request from the Baghdad and the United States governments to use Italian aircrafts on bombardment missions. This request is not the consequence of the Russia’s recent intervention, but of a specific fact. The aircrafts of the Saudi Arabia and of the Arab Emirates, which at first partook in the missions, do not do so anymore because they are currently engaged in Yemen, fighting the Houthi secession. They lack military support. This is why the United States, especially given the Russian intervention, was constrained to ask for Italy’s reinforcements.

But the strategy used so far is unsuccessful in itself. The fact that ISIS has continued to advance, kill, and destroy monuments that are heritage of humanity, proves its inefficiency. Also the scandal of the Pentagon’s report to the White House, which provided false information on the number of raids and affected targets. Besides, there are NATO’s, Europe’s and US’ wars carried on by proxy. Turkey, after having facilitated ISIS growth by allowing the passage of the foreign fighters and by favoring weapons and oil smuggling, and when it joined the conflict, it target first of all the bases of the Kurdish Pkk, which ‘happened’ to  oppose ISIS. Saudi Arabia, which in the meantime is eclipsing, has first funded jihadist groups against Assad and now fights its war against Tehran’s hegemony in the Middle East. The same is true for Qatar, which supports jihadist groups in Libya.

This chaotic scenario with millions of refugees and hundreds of thousands of victims, was joined by Putin’s Russia, a historical ally of the Damascus regime. Moscow has learned the Afghan lesson as well as that of the first war in Chechnya. At present, in Syria, it uses the scorched earth method. Massive and repeated Attacks: in just four days the Sukoi have made as many raids as the international coalition guided by US made in six months. Bombardments were followed by a land offensive of the forces loyal to Assad, with shares of Russian commandos, who have already occupied more than one hundred kilometers of territory in the province of Hama, in the north of Syria. A success. Turkey appeals to NATO because it fears that the Kurds can strengthen and claim a State in the future. Iran continues to back the Iraqi army with the pasdaran of the Al Qods brigad, and this weakens the Arabic influence and that of the United States on the Baghdad government. A slap in the face of this area’s stability.

The strategy is not about who bombs more but who will be able to manage what comes afterwards. The ‘afterwards’, however, needs to have credible characters. Once Assad is removed, a new leadership will need to be provided and there is none in sight. This scheme leaves the problem of jihadists unsolved, once defeated and deprived of the utopia of the Caliphate, may choose the path of terror abroad. The asymmetrical warfare that became evident in all its terrifying reality during the September 11 attack in New York and Washington. A war which is still going on and whose protagonists have been massively growing. From the mujaheddin to Al Qaeda, we are now witnessing the fragmentation of the acronyms and of the Caliphate which makes propaganda for a new version of  terrorism 2.0, which does not target only the infidels, but aims at eliminating also Shiites, Sunnis, and all those whom it considers to be enemies.

The war is necessary to sweep away the jihadist ferocity, but we need an equally decisive  and strong cultural response in order to rebuild consciences, restore confidence to peoples and reform nations.

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