ITALY BETWEEN EVILS AND CULTURAL GOODS Interview with Raffaele Bonanni, president of "Italia Più"

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A few years ago you could hear this bitter joke: “Do you know that 60% of the cultural heritage of the world is in Italy?”And the rest?”The rest is safe”. Today, unfortunately, the situation has not changed. Rather the Contrary. Unesco list includes 981 sites that form part of the world heritage; ours is the country that has the largest number of sites, 49, followed by Spain, China, France, England and the US. More than 3,400 museums, 2,100 archaeological areas and parks. Besides monuments and private collections. We have the highest concentration of cultural goods. Numbers that give shivers.

Yet we do not invest enough, a little bit because of an atavistic distraction, a bit because of lack of funds. The final approval in autumn 2014 by the Senate of the decree proposed by the Minister of National Heritage and Cultural Activities, Dario Franceschini, was hailed as a victory: it introduced significant changes to the sector, starting from the ArtBonus, which provides for the deductibility of 65% of the donations for the restoration of devolved public cultural goods, libraries and archives, the investments of theaters and foundations lyrical symphony.

On closer view, actually it is the surrender of the State. With no funds, individuals are called to manage these treasures, with the primary aim of not losing them. But that’s okay, as long as someone manages them, because for too many years the disaster of … “disasters” was caused by distracted and absent politics. Among the major innovations approved only a few months ago, the measures to Pompeii, the Royal Palace, the recovery of the suburbs, the administrative simplifications in tourism, clear photos in museums, the review of the opinions of the superintendents, the Italian Capital of Culture.

Yet, something is very wrong. The last international bad impression was made just in Pompeii, with tourists waiting outside the closed gates (the photos have been shown around the world) … The fact that it happened during the demonstration of Alitalia was a ominous coincidence. A slap to the image of the country.

“I have always claimed as a trade unionist that the strike is an “extreme” tool – explains to the former general secretary of CISL, Raffaele Bonanni, current president of Italia Più – just as John Paul II said in his encyclical. This means that it is a tool that should be used only when you cannot do without it. Anyway, its use is a sign of failure; testifies the interruption of negotiation, confrontation, and that it is the only way to make agreements between workers and businesses.”

Moreover the strike costs to workers, businesses and to society as a whole. To wokers because they give up a part of their salary, and in these days it is not easy, then to businesses because it delays the programs on construction contracts, now more and more stringent in a global market; ultimately to society because it is a waste of time and work that instead could bring more wealth.

“If one starts from this premise – Bonanni continues – it is clear that that can not reach the conclusion that the strike is only the last resort. A tool extreme, but sometimes that is used: there are employers who do not comply with the ILO (English, International Labour Organization) do not respect the European Convention on labor rights, neither the Statute of Italian workers, sometimes even the contract. There is still true of slavery – he continues – in some situations; through the black economy, taking advantage of the need. There are still pockets – shrinking, but there are – the lack of protection of fundamental rights also. ”

In recent years, however, the number of strikes has decreased. About 15 years ago we had come to a pathological degree, but between then and now the phenomenon has collapsed, why? “They dry the fringe extremist and unrealistic in the Italian trade union movement – said Bonanni – and prevailed realities responsible, like a bit ‘all over the West.”

Well, then how do you explain the last episodes? “In some places still it resists a certain way of seeing things. I was shocked by the story of Pompeii, that is not a strike but an outage that I consider unjustified. Already last year, in my responsibilities at the top of the CISL union, I had expelled the same after one year they rebuilt the same thing, and had warned workers from similar positions, which are detrimental to their dignity and interests General “.

Then what happened? “I had asked the Minister of Culture Franceschini – still tells Bonanni – to open negotiations on each other to build a code of conduct in union reality of service to the public in order to assimilate them to the world of essential services, where the interruption is not permitted “.

After all, we are one of the most cultural countries of the world … “More. We have about 60% percent of cultural heritage, monuments and archaeological the entire planet, and ‘our wealth, is our oil. Who, I wonder, Kuwait, Venezuela, Norway, Saudi, Iraq would dare, in the general indifference, to plunder or undermine the mining activity that is their wealth?

We must not forget – Bonanni concluded – that the entire sector is the business card of the whole nation, foreigners come to us and we know why. In this global world, dirty this means ruin the image of all Italians”.

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