The flow of migrants from Africa and the Middle East continues to be defined as “emergency” even though it is something that has been going on for months with almost constant flows. One wonders, then, if we are facing an incorrect analysis of the problem, or rather a specific choice not to disturb the “manipulator”. You cannot, in fact, continue to define “unexpected” a process which is now part of the daily routine, only to impress society and make it share institutional decisions otherwise preposterous. In an emergency, it is justified to improvise to cope with the unexpected and the unpredictable; but this is an impractical “Modus operandi” in the management of a phenomenon now well configured.
A healthy information should rather emphasize the shortcomings of forecasting and planning solutions adopted for the reception every day. A simple simulation on the basis of data now concrete and consolidated help, for example, to plan and manage rationally the problem. Why is it not done? Most of those who should denounce these inefficiencies, however, are silent, preferring not to highlight deficiencies and choices often unjustified.
It is true that the flows are now expected at least in large numbers. Proposing to channel them in disused barracks – as it is often said – is a clear indication that those who are managing the problem do not know the reality of the territory and they do not even bother to know the current state preferring words to deeds. Most of the former military infrastructure is now crumbling, absolutely not appropriate to ensure the immediate acceptance of the people of desperate without radical restoration work. Rather it means marginalizing these people in areas still worse than the Sub-Saharan African villages or fields of sorting the Libyan coast of the Mediterranean. Measures that would be acceptable against a sudden natural disaster, but cannot be shared when it would not be difficult to program less traumatic solutions.
What is needed therefore is a real plan. In Italy this would be possible simply by using the expertise of our military, accustomed to plan accordingly and to find appropriate solutions to be prepared in advance. A professional culture proved in many occasions, abroad and in Italy when the population has been hit by major natural disasters.
In this respect, it is incomprehensible why it has not yet been given the task to specialists of the Army Corps of Engineers, actually located in the territory, to organize and urbanize very quickly large areas, placing housing units, toilets pitched, water distribution and electricity and organizing the collection and disposal of waste.
Misusing the term “unexpected” highlights the desire to justify the effectiveness of any solution, as it often happens in Italy after unexpected events, such as earthquakes and floods, that force many Italian citizens to live in housing units, in Belize, in Irpinia rather than in Abruzzo and Emilia. Is this emergency or institutional inefficiency?
Translation provided by Maria Rosaria Mastropaolo