After Athens and London – that already announced they would exit the EU – the Euro-skeptical view touches Spain and Warsaw too. This is a worrying picture from Brussel’s point of view, since it is now standing among four bombs ready to explode. One year after the parliamentary elections, the populist menace is still growing. Hence, David Cameron himself was forced to take action to avoid losing votes; this is why he is promoting the Referendum on Brexit – the exiting of the UK from the EU. This would be an enormous slap to the concept of Europe itself, not to mention the currency.
The European bureaucracy is alarmed. Representatives of the traditional parties are forced to follow on the nationalism footprints in order to avoid preferences, which means Europe is actually in crisis. It is too soon to start making apocalyptic speculations, but it is necessary to think about what has not worked during these long years of crisis, starting from the austerity policies forcedly set by German authorities. Regular citizens are not interested in balances and public debt; they are interested in wellbeing for them and their families.
The first thing that made the alarm go off was the affirmation of the Ukip of the Scottish national leader Nigel Farage – who got more than 27% of votes – his populism was underestimated. This result broke the traditional turnover between labourist and conservatives – that were forces to change their plans. This exploit was not repeated because the Ukip lost the last polling. David Cameron got the best of it and he proposed the Brexit consultation, which helped him gather all the votes of the Euro-skeptical voters. Meanwhile, other parties emerged, as the National Scottish Party that was destroyed at the Referendum for Independence, but got its strength back ar the elections in May – and labourists were not so happy about it.
In France, the leadership of Marine Le Pen is strong and she is one of the candidates to succeed Francois Hollande in 2017. According to the last survey, the Front National is the first party in France (30%). Marine declared she is against Euro and she became the leader of all those who are Euro-skeptical (she is supported by the Italian Lega and Fratelli d’Italia).
Nevertheless, the most worrying affirmation is the one of Podemos in Spain. Spanish voters have been led by Mariano Rajoy and his cuts that made them choose a different path, the one of Pablo Iglesia. If Podemos should win the next elections, Spain may be out of Europe very soon.
And yet another case is the one of Poland, where right wing populist and Euro-skeptical leader, Andrzej Duda, became the new President of the Republic beating the outgoing Chief of the State, Bronislaw Komorowsk, at the Referendum. These are worrying signs. Matteo Renzi commented the polling saying, “the wind coming from Greece, Spain and Poland are not blowing in the same direction, they blow in opposite directions; however, these are signs that Europe has to change and I hope Italy will be able to voice this change in the next months”. Before it is too late.
Translation provided by Mary Ann D’Costa