The European Commission has launched a new intervention plan in the attempt to help solve the problem of immigration in Europe. The main objective is to be able to distribute the refugees throughout the European states, by increasing the scope of Frontex operations and the means available. The agreements reached, every European country will receive a quota of immigrants according to predetermined dimensions. With regard to the refugees who hold the rights to have the status of refugees, Italy will host 9.94% of the total, or about 2,000 out of 20 thousand. For the new immigrants or those who have not yet been granted permission for asylum the quota has been increased to 11.84% of the total.
The quotas have been established on the basis of certain parameters considering the number of inhabitants of the hosting country, the Gross domestic product, refugees already present and the level of unemployment. Italy would be the third country to accommodate more migrants immediately behind Germany, with 18.42 & and France with 14.17%. In this distribution, however, there are some countries that have expressed their disappointment, as Britain does, it does not want to open its doors to refugees. The Interior Minister, Theresa May, wrote in an editorial that “the EU should work towards establishing safe reception sites in North Africa, with an active programme of return”. Along the same lines that have been deployed in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
As for the Frontex operation, the idea is to increase means available but also the radius of action. Federica Mogherini high representative stated that “the Eu agenda on migration was adopted by the Commission. Sharing the responsibilities in Europe means buying credibility and cooperation with the UN which is essential if we wish to solve the problem. Only in this way-she continues-will we be able to tackle the causes at the root of the disaster, destroying criminal organisations and helping migrants to flee from their hands. ” An intervention over land in Libya was excluded amongst the possibilities that had been taken into account by Mogherini and concerning seawaters, Tobruk’s government has warned against invading Libyan waters otherwise they will “react with bombings like those against Turkish cargo”.
Translation provided by Marina Stronati