The future of energy seems to be around the corner, as revealed by the tenth report issued by the Municipalities on Renewable Legambiente, presented today in Rome and finalised with the contribution of the Asja Group and in cooperation with the Gse (EnergyManagement). When analysing the mapping of Italian territories that use the new equipment, it is possible to see how over the last ten years, the beautiful country has gone through a real change in the energy sector.
Today the systems exist in all Italian municipalities, 8,047 in constant progression: in 2009 it accounted for 6,993, in 2007 3,190, in 2005 356. These figures are important to understand the coverage of local thermal and electrical requirements that only in 2014, achieved in meeting 38% of national energy consumption.
This has turned Italy into a world leader in solar energy incidence compared to electricity consumption, debunking any erroneous belief about the future prospects of these sources, which according to many, would have a marginal role in the energy system.
“Now,” explains Edoardo Zanchini, vice President of Legambiente – a second phase of this revolution is opening, and in order to seize all opportunities to reduce costs of the technology, by eliminating the barriers that these kind of projects were faced with. ”
Zanchini though, having stressed the positive aspects of Italy, did not hesitate to show the weak links in the programme, explaining that although there has been an increase in the installations for all sources, the report points out that “the pace of growth unfortunately has been worse than in the past. For PV in the past two years 1,864 MW were installed against the 2011 biennium 13,194-170MW wind farm in 2012 in 2014 against an average 770MW in the previous years, same data for mini hydroelectric and other sources “.
The Chairman of Legambiente has given two reasons that have led to this “slowdown”. The first is bureaucratic, and the absence of clear procedures for project approval. The second concerns the economic sphere in this sector, due to regulatory action, thus has suffered cuts in incentives and an overload of fees that prevent one from seeing a clear perspective for the future.
Augustine Re Rebaudengo, Chairman of AssoRinnovabili and Asja Ambiente Italy, stressed this point and reiterated the urgent need to “establish clear rules, that are defined and stable, above all, that are consistent with a precise design of long-term energy policy”. This will allow domestic and foreign operators to invest in our country. The final hurdle for the numerous delays for issuing decrees and implementing regulations that make the rules un enforceable.
Having a clear scenario of what is happening in Italy today, Legambiente has made some proposals to launch investments in favour of businesses, families and the environment. First, making the Green Act the driving engine of the ‘revolution’. This measure, which could be ready by June proposes a series of ideas for urban re generation and redevelopment of architectural heritage through the work of energydevelopment.
Next would be to introduce a carbon tax to move energy efficiency and investments in clean energy businesses. Defining new rules for the evaluation of projects from renewable sources. Promote innovations in electric market enabling Italian industry to compete with other countries, through the aggregate of plants and long-term contracts, but also launching a “renewal” of existing systems. In economic terms, a review of the system of incentives for efficiency and renewable energy sources, with the objective to reduceenergy spending by households and businesses. Finally, invest in technology for theproduction of clean energy.
Translation provided by Marina Stronati