After 41 years of disputes, India and Bangladesh have reached a historical deal that will see the re-defining of the frontier lines between the two countries and establish sovereignity over reached an historicagreement that will redraw the boundaries between the two countries and establishonce and for all the sovereignty over the enclaves. Yesterday, the New Delhi Parliament passed the 119th amendment of the Constitution, which makes effective the agreement on the India-Bangladesh Boundary of 1974. In a rare demonstration of unanimity, all 331members of the Lok Sabha (House of the people or Lower House) cast their votes in favour the Decree. In Dhaka, the news was seen as a victory of Bangladesh over “big brother”, as well as the consecration of a newfound rapprochement between the two countries.
India and Bangladesh share a common 4,096 km border, long 2.4 km over 150 enclaves, which are regions included within a state, owned and govered by another country, where about 50,000 people live. A small number as compared to the entire population as a whole, but that still remains a historical oddity following the partition of 1947. However,for these communities, the short-circuit meant an injustice that took away their political socio- and –economic rights.
The implementation of this agreement will consent each country to take over the enclaves within their own borders. People living in these areas will have the faculty to return to their country of origin, or to remain and take up citizenship of the country where they have lived for many years. Narenda Modi, Indian Prime Minister, in a speech to his Bangladeshi counterpart, Shiekh Hasina, has referred to the move as “a significant milestone” in the bilateral relations between the two countries.