According to the German newspaper Der Spiegel, ISIS was not an idea of Al Baghdadi but of a former soldier of Saddam Hussein. An unscrupulous secret agent, former colonel of Saddam Hussein, his name is Samir Abd Muhammad al-Khlifawi, but he is also known as Haji Bakr. He is the mind behind the Caliphate, the one who meticulously planned the jihadist invasion in Iraq and Syria during the chaos post-regime. The Spiegel got some documents of the ex-soldier, handwritten letters and maps too, that got in the hands of the Syrian rebels after the defeat of the militants in Aleppo. These docs prove this theory.
Bakr was killed by the Syrian army in Tal Rifaat, in the north of Syria on January 2014. He planned the details of the creation of the Caliphate in Syria, including instruction for spying activities, kidnapping and murders. According to Spiegel, Bakr was “embittered and unemployed” because of the American choice to close the Iraqi army in 2003.
Between 2006 and 2008, the former Saddam agent was locked in the American prisons of Camp Bucca and Abu Ghraib. During the following years, his influence on jihadists increased, reports the German newspaper. In 2010, he was labeled as “nationalist and not Islamist” and a group of Iraqi ex 007, point Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as head of the Islamic State. ISIS announced the birth of the Islamic Caliphate in 2014 on a territory that covers the north of Syria and in the northwest of Iraq.
Translation provided by Mary Ann D’Costa