After the attack on the university campus at Garissa last 2 April, 350 thousand somali refugees in Kenya are at risk of being forced to return to their homeland. The confirmation will come from the Nairobi authorities should they decide to close, as they had announced, the Dadaab refugee camp. The news was spread by William Ruto, Kenyan vice- President, who, without leaving room for false hopes, said that by Saturday, many refugees would be deported back to their country.
A targeted effort which aims at strenghening their security, facing a deep crisis, especially following the assault at the University where gunmen of al-Shabaab killed 148 people, including142 students. Already in recent weeks the country’s aviation authorities had started bombing terrorist positions in Somalia, in an effort to discourage extremists.
The attacks of al Shabaab had already begun in 2011 when the somali Islamic guerrillas began kidnapping westerners in the North of the country demanding ransoms. After the seizure of 4 women, the Kenyan government decided to send troops to Somalia to neutralize the rebels affiliated to al Qaeda, a move which provoked the immediate retaliation of the extremists who threatened to perpetrate attacks in Kenya. Since then,the country has been subject to numerous bloody attacks and the one on the university Campus is one of the most ruthless.
Meanwhile the authorities decision to close the Dabaab, sparked off controversies at Unhcr, the UN refugee organization of the United Nations, who have argued that the decision will have “extreme humanitarian and pratical consequences”. The Agency said it was willing to cooperate with the authorities in Kenya for “strengthening respect for the law” against any intrusion by armed groups.
Translation provided by Marina Stronati