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Nuclear talks have still not reached a settlement. Yesterday, Congress was granted the power to ratify the agreement reached before Easter. The Foreign Affairs Committee of the U.S. Senate has unanimously approved ( 19 in favour and noone against) with total bipartisan sharing between Republicans and Democrats, a decision that allows the U.S.. legislature to review the agreement with the Islamic Republic. The present agreement had however had the substantial approval of the White House as compared to the original one that could derail the talks. It is an act of force in fact because Barack Obama does not intend giving up on his presidential prerogatives, which, in matters relating to International treaties, he need not turn to the House and Senate. And yet while the President may snub Congress on atters regarding agreements he cannot equally do as much on sanctions. On the subject of sanctions, only Congress can decide.

In this sense only can the words of the Iranian President Hassan Rohani be interpreted, who has once again exhorted the lifing of sanctions as being ‘condicio sine qua’the one and only condition to move the checkers on the chess-board on nuclear power. “Our counterpart is not the Senate or the U.S. Congress, it is the 5 + 1 group-he wrote on his Twitter account. They need to understand that if sanctions are not lifted, there will be no agreement “. Rohani has then explained: “what the U.S. Senate, Congress, their allies and the hardliners want is none of our business. In exchange for our commitment, our willingness and our respect, we expect just as much “. According to Rohani “it is not only the Iranian people who want to engage economically and culturally with the rest of the world, but the foreign companies and investors who cannot expect a final agreement”.

Meanwhile, the agreement between Obama and Congress was welcomed by Israel, the country to be mostly affected by the outcome of the issue on Tehran’s atomic energy. The Minister of Intelligence, Yuval Steinitz, has expressed his satisfaction with what is deemed a victory for Netanyahu and his policies. “His speech to Congress-he said on the Israeli Radio-was decisive in achieving this law, which is a very important aspect in preventing a bad agreement to be made, or at least would help improve the agreement and make it more reasonable”.

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