Pirates, industry tycoons, former yuppies and heirs carrying the Wall Street Journal under their arms. For them, the crisis is only a bothersome breeze: they put in place their hair and then o back counting the ‘dough’ again, while outside, normal people kill each other for a job. They’re not bad, well maybe just a little, but they are sharks, yes because in the button-rooms of the finance-world, you have to be able to eat to avoid being devoured. So if you think the big crunch has only produced deaths and incurie, then you need to think again: there are those who in the 2.0 version of the great depression, they continued doing business with surprising earnings. According to the recent Forbes magazine, which compiles world rankings, The latest ranking by Forbes magazine, which compiles the rankingsof the richest men in the world, is there to testify it: in 2014 the super rich have increased by 290 units.
Moreover, there are those who last year having less turnover, lost their ranking amongst the elite of the ‘who’s who’: There are 138 of them and amongst them there is the Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko and American designer Michael Kros. As usual Forbes, delved deeply into the personal assests of dozens to be able to come up with the ranking, 1826 in 2015 includes individuals for a total of 7 trillion (it is even difficult to pronounce this figure). At the top heìs always there: His Majesty Bill Gates. The Microsoft owner’s assets totaled 79.2 billion Dollars, enabling him to knock off the Rockerduck of the situation: Carlos Slim Helu, the Mexican patron of Telecom (77.1 billion). Third ranking goes to Warren Buffett, ceo of Berkshire Hathaway, a giant in world industry, operating in several fields, from insurance to clothing, from luxury goods to logistics, media, construction and industrial materials. A giant money machine made in the Usa but with tentacles that stretch out to every corner of the planet.
And it’s America to tow the lead in Forbes classification, with as many as 7 in the top ten of financiers (among them even Larry Ellison, co-founder and Ceo of Oracle). Besides Helu, amongst other countries there are two Europeans: the Spanish Armancio Ortega, owner of the Zara brand, fourth with an estimated wealth of 64.5 billion, Madame Liliane Bettencourt, with 40.1 billion (tenth place). The number one of L’Oreal is the only woman in the top 10 along with Christy Walton (Wal Mart, 41.7 billion). In fact in 2015 rankings, there is a clear gap between men and women that account for just 197, i.e. 11% of the total. Among the Italians, first place goes to Maria Franca Fissolo wife of the late Michele Ferrero, with 23.4 billion dollars (32nd on world-ranking) beating even Jack Ma, Alibaba, inventor of e-commerce giant in China.
Staggering figures that widen the gap between the rich and poor, which has never been so wide as in this period. It would just be sufficient to say that 7 out of 10, live in countries where the gap between the wealthy and the poor is wider than it was 30 years ago. According to the latest report by Oxfam, although representing only 1% of the earth’s population, the new rich detain half the wealth produced globally and themselves exceed 65 times the assets of all the poor on the planet, which, as advocated by the World Bank, account for half of mankind. Billions of hunger-struck people against a few hundred who have everything, the eternal dichotomy between poverty and plutocracy. At the end of 2014, the FAO reported a slight improvement in indicators on hunger in the world. And yet, about 805 million people are unable to provide food for themselves in sufficient quantities in the third world and developing countires. In India, for example, despite the economic boom, three-quarters of the citizens in 2009 lived with no more than 2,400 calories per day.
To be marred by these plagues is especially children: Unicef says that about 2.2 billion children, at least 1 billion live below the breadline, while 22 thousand children die every day from starvation. But these disasters do not affect only the peripheries of the world; one need only think that in Italy, according to Istat (National Statistic taking board, 12.6% of households in 2013 (3 million and 230 thousand individuals) were relatively poor, while 7.9% (just over 2 million) were in a state of absolute poverty. All these data “show us a reality that we cannot avoid but notice: the extreme economic inequality today does not give impetus for growth, on the contrary it is an obstacle to the well-being of the majority -Winnie Byanyima recently has said, Executive Director of Oxfam-. Until governments in the world do nothing to counter it, the spiral of inequality will continue to grow, bearing with it corrosive effects on democratic institutions, on equal opportunities and global stability “. With the consensus of a few who still celebrate their wealth and turn a blind eye to the suffering of many.
Translation provided by Marina Stronati