IL SANTO DEL GIORNO SAN MASSIMINO DI TREVIRI

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s.massiminoSan Massimino di Treviri. Nella Gallia belgica, l’odierna Germania, san Massimino, vescovo, che, intrepido difensore dell’integrità della fede contro l’arianesimo, accolse fraternamente sant’Atanasio di Alessandria e altri vescovi esuli e, pur scacciato dalla sua sede da parte dei suoi nemici, morì in patria a Poitiers.

Il suo successore san Paolino fece traslare le sue spoglie a Treviri il 29 maggio del 353. Sulla sua tomba nel VI secolo venne eretta un’abbazia benedettina che divenne poi l’Abbazia imperiale di San Massimino. La chiesa di San Giovanni venne successivamente dedicata a lui. Il suo capo è oggi conservato nella chiesa parrocchiale del quartiere di Treviri di Trier-Pfalzel.

CURIOSITA’: Viene spesso rappresentato in compagnia di un orso, che secondo la leggenda avrebbe ucciso il cavallo (o asino o mulo) che trasportava il suo bagaglio durante un suo viaggio a Roma e che egli avrebbe costretto a sostituirsi alla bestia uccisa nel trasporto delle sue robe. Egli è considerato il patrono contro i pericoli del mare, della pioggia e dello spergiuro. Egli è venerato soprattutto in Alsazia e nella zona circostante Treviri. La sua Memoria liturgica cade il 29 maggio.

Maximin of Trier

Saint Maximin (born at Silly near Poitiers; — Poitiers 12 September 346) was the fifth bishop of Trier, according to the list provided by the diocese’s website, taking his seat in 341/342. Maximin was an opponent of Arianism, and was supported by the courts of Constantine II and Constans, who harboured as an honored guest Athanasius twice during his exile from Alexandria, in 336-37, before he was bishop, and again in 343. In the Arian controversy he had begun in the party of Paul of Constantinople; however, he took part in the synod of Sardica convoked by Pope Julius I (ca. 342), and when four Arian bishops consequently came from Antioch to Trier with the purpose of winning Emperor Constans to their side, Maximinus refused to receive them and induced the emperor to reject their proposals.

Veneration
Maximin was interred in the cemetery outside the northern gate of Trier, where his remains were joined by later bishops in the multi-chambered crypt of a church dedicated to John the Evangelist, later rededicated as St. Maximin’s Abbey, Trier. Gregory of Tours already attests to the cult of Maximin in the church of Saint John Evangelist and the cult offered at his grave. The Abbey — destroyed by Normans in 882, and rebuilt, then entirely re-built in the 1680s, secularised in 1802, bombed in World War II and since largely demolished — was one of the oldest in western Europe.

In iconology Maximin was identifiable portrayed as a bishop, with book, model of a church, and, borrowing from the legend of Corbinian, a bear carrying the Saint’s travelling pack. As a patron, Maximin was invoked as protection against perjury, loss at sea and destructive rains. His cultus was strongest in the region around Trier and in Alsace.

Medieval legend conflated him with Maximinus of Aix (French: Saint Maximin d’Aix), who was added to the Seventy Apostles referred to in the Gospel of Luke. That Maximinus was said to have accompanied Mary Magdalene and a company of the faithful to Aix-en-Provence, miraculously sped by a frail boat without a rudder or a mast. After Maximinus became the first Bishop of Aix-en-Provence Mary retired to the “right sharp desert” nearby for thirty years before being found and retrieved by Maximin just before her death. The thirteenth-century telling of the legend can be read in William Caxton’s English translation of Jacobus de Voragine’s Golden Legend[6] In fact this part of the legend is lifted from the Eastern story of Saint Mary of Egypt and Saint Zosimas of Palestine. The cultus of Mary Magdalene and this Saint Maximin in Provence was centered at Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume. Other communes in France named Saint-Maximin commemorate one or the other Saints Maximin.

Source: en.wikipedia.org

 

San Massimino de Treviri: Fue obispo de Tréveris en el momento del gobierno de los hijos de Constantino el Grande, y fue un firme opositor del arrianismo. Su amigo y compañero de Lucha San Atanasio dio asilo a Triviri desde el 335 al 337.

Murió al regreso de un viaje a Constantinopla.

Su sucesor San Paulino hizo mover sus restos en Tréveris el 29 de mayo del 353. En su tumba en el siglo VI, fue construida en la abadía benedictina que se convirtió luego en la Abadía Imperial de San Massimino. La Iglesia de San Giovanni viene dedicada a él.

Su cabeza está conservada al día de hoy en la iglesia parroquial del barrio de Trier-Pfalzel.

Se le considera el patrón de los peligros del mar, la lluvia y el perjurio. Él es venerado especialmente en Alsacia y en los alrededores de Treviri.

A menudo viene representado en compañía de un oso, que según la leyenda mataría el caballo (o burro o mula) que llevaba su equipaje durante un viaje a Roma y que el mismo, tenía que reemplazar al animal muerto en el transporte de sus cosas.

Su memoria litúrgica es el 29 de mayo.

Fuente: wikipedia.org

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